Tigers are the largest of the cat species in the cat (felid) family.  They are known for their unique long, thick coats which are reddish to orange in colour and have thin black stripes with a white belly.  They have small rounded ears and a heart-shaped pink nose.  Their eyes are a tad bit yellow to green in colour.  Tigers can reach the length of up to 11 feet and can weigh as much as 700 pounds.  They can reach up to a speed of 40 mph.

There are many subspecies of the tiger some of which are:

  • Bengal
  • Siberian
  • Sumatran
  • Malayan
  • Indo Chinese
  • South Chinese
  • Caspian
  • Javan and
  • Bali

Most of these subspecies are either endangered or already extinct, primarily due to humans hunting and destruction of habitats.

Tigers are mostly nocturnal animals (more active at night) and due to their surroundings which is usually that of tropical forests, swamps, grasslands and woodlands they can easily hunt their prey by camouflaging themselves with the colour of their coats and stripes.  Tigers attack by using their body weight to knock their prey to the ground and strike at the neck for an easy kill. Tiger prints are just like finger prints, no two are identical.  They are also excellent swimmers and can hunt while in water as well, they spend a lot of time cooling off in springs and streams.

Tigers are usually unsociable animals except during mating season and when the females bear young cubs.  This is when they become extremely territorial and mark their surroundings.

Tiger cubs stay with their mothers until the age of 2 and a half years.  The mothers would guard their young ones from wandering males that may kill the cubs to make the females receptive to mating.

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